Universalizing Religion: A religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location 3 Big – Christianity, Islam, Buddhism Christianity: Origin – Israel 2 billion adherents Known as Christians Mainly in Western Hemisphere and Europe Foundation based on the Ten Commandments Major branches- Catholics (50%). Some subsistence farms also have livestock. The average number of years an individual can be expected to live, given current social, economic, and medical conditions. The scientific study of population characteristics. The annual number of deaths per 1,000 population. 3.5k plays . Example- influenza (flu). Improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional causes of death in poorer countries and enabled more people to live longer and healthier lives. 13. If you go west you go back in time. Some people prefer to live at higher elevations if the temperature and precipitation are uncomfortable at lower elevations. European and North American countries entered stage 2 around 1750 or 1800. Regions Formal (uniform) Functional (nodal) Vernacular (perceptual) Culture: Customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits of a group of people in tradition Hearth: Where an idea originates Acculturation: The spread of cultural traits from one society to another Globalization of Culture: Globalization due to interchanging beliefs and customs Globalization of Economy: Globalization due to business Reference Maps: Regular maps showing cities, boundaries, mountains, or roads Thematic Maps: Maps highlighting a particular feature or a single variable such as temperature, city, size, or acreage in potatoes (Gives extra information) Isoline Maps: Show lines that connect points of equal value; Isolines are on topographic maps Choropleth Maps: Show the level of some variable within predefined regions, such as counties, states, or countries Dot Maps: Use a dot to represent the occurrence of some phenomenon in order to depict variation in density in a given area Cartograms: Maps that have distorted population Resolution: The amount of details or depth of a map Scale: Generally, the relationship between the portion of Earth being studied and Earth as a whole, specifically the relationship between the size of an object on a map and the size of the actual feature on Earth’s surface The three main types of scales are ratio (fraction) scales, bar scales, and written scales Small Scale: Depicts a large area (such as the state of Arizona) but with less detail Large Scale: Depicts a small area (such as downtown Phoenix) with great detail Cartography: The science of making maps Projection: The system used to transfer locations from Earth’s surface to a flat map The most common type is the Robinson Projection However, maps depicting the entire world can distort shape, distance, relative size, and direction Toponym: The name given to a portion of Earth’s surface Has to be a natural feature Site: The physical character of a place Situation: The location of a place relative to other places (relative location) Meridian: An arc drawn on a map between the North and South poles (longitude) The two main meridians are the Prime Meridian and the International Date Line Parallel: A circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to the meridians (latitude) Time Zones: There are four major time zones in the United States (Eastern, Central, Mountain, and Pacific). Arithmetic – the total number of objects in an area Physiological – the number of persons per unit area of suitable agricultural land Agricultural – number of farmers per area of farmland Concentration: The spread of something over a given area Clustered – close together Dispersed – far apart Pattern: The arrangement of objects in space Culture: Customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits of a group of people in tradition Hearth: Where an idea originates Acculturation: The spread of cultural traits from one society to another Diffusion: The spreading of a feature or trend from one place to another. Taboo: A restriction on behavior imposed by social custom Diffusion Associated With Pop Culture: Rapid diffusion depends on a group of people having a sufficiently high level of economic development to acquire the material possessions associated with popular culture Language: Language Family: A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history Language Branch: A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago. Spatial Association: The distribution of one phenomenon that is related to another phenomenon. A half billion people live in southeast Asia. On a scattergram, each country in table 5 would be shown as a point located from the horizontal (GNP) and vertical (growth rate) axes. Between 8000 BC and 1750 AD the population from 5 million to about 800 million. Probably the most important Mesoamerican agriculture is maize. 2. Tags: Question 8 . The silt made the soil excellent for growing wheat flax and other crops. tractor, cotton gin 3rd Agricultural Revolution: Aka Green Revolution- benefiting LDC’s by introduction and production of fertilizers and pesticides into LDC’s 1960 to present Based on higher yielding strains using genetic engineering Double Cropping: Harvesting twice a year from the same field Industry: The Industrial Revolution: Started in the north of the UK around 1750 A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods Transformed how goods are produced for society and the way people obtain food, clothing, and shelter World’s Largest Industrial Production Regions: Approximately ¾ of the world’s industrial production is concentrated in four regions: eastern North America, northwestern Europe, Eastern Europe, and East Asia. Geography. 20 Qs . Medical Revolution Medical technology invented in Europe and North america that is diffused to the poorer countries (LDCs) improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional causes of death in poorer countries and enabled people to live longer and healthier lives Sex Ratio The number of males per 100 females in a population Life expectancy- the average number of years a newborn infant can expect to live at current mortality levels. Medical Revolution: Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa. Ethnicity and Race: Race is biological. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. About 80 million people are added to the world’s population each year. Latin American and Asian countries have entered rather recently, while most African countries still have not entered stage 3. Zero Population Growth- A decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero. Medical Revolution Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa. by ally_pagans, Oct. 2013. Cartography: The science of map making Toponym: A name given to a place on earth. 6 > ? About 8000 BC the population became to grow by several thousand per year. Improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional causes of death in poorer countries and … The population increased by about 80 million in 2000 compared to 8 million in 1900. Once a country has entered a stage, it cannot go back down to a previous stage. Human-Environmental Interaction: Humans adapt to the environment Humans modify the environment Humans depend on the environment 4. = > | Š ‹ ' ( U W z Š ‹ î ÷ ø j u v œ § ¨ Ñ × Ø d p q ´ À Á İ è óëáÖÊ¼´Ö´Ö´Ö´Ö´ÖÊ«ÖÊ«ÖÊ«ÖÊ«ÖÊ«ÖÊ«ÖÊ«ÖÊ«Ö´ÖÊ«ÖÊ«ÖÊ«ÖÊ«ÖÊ«ÖÊ«ÖÊ«ÖÊ«ÖÊ h•- 5�CJ aJ h•- CJ aJ hh h•- 5�>*CJ aJ hh h•- 5�CJ aJ hh h•- CJ aJ hh h•- 5�>* hh h•- 5�hh h•- 5�CJ aJ C - O P • – ñ ò < = Y Z t � ” § ± È â AP Human Geography Help » Agriculture, Food Production, & Rural Land Use » Development of Agriculture » Green Revolution Example Question #1 : Green Revolution The Green Revolution resulted in an increase in production of cereal grains in the developing world, providing "cheap" calories for … Both extensification and intensification of agriculture will lead to land degradation. Chapter-1: Thinking Geographically Chapter-2: Population Chapter-3: Migration Chapter-4: Folk and popular culture ... Medical Revolution: medical technology from Europe and North America that was used to eliminate many diseases in the developing world: 13: 5746041754: Stage 2: From about 10,000 years after the agricultural revolution, world population grew at a modest pace. The historic high was in 1989 with 87 million. Geographers define overpopulation as. Nearly all the world's population growth is clustered in what areas? Medical Revolution: Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa. Brain Drain: Large-scale emigration by talented people International & Internal Migration: International Migration- The permanent movement from one country to another. 10 Qs . The development of states can be traced to the ancient Middle East, in an area known as the Fertile crescent. Demography- The scientific study of population characteristics. People called refugees are forced to migrate form their countries because of fear of persecution because of their race, nationality, religion, or political opinion. It is here that agricultural is thought to be first developed. AP Human Geography Unit 2 Vocabulary; Ap Human Geography Unit 2 Vocabulary. Census- A complete enumeration of a population. East Asia includes: eastern China, Japan, the Korean Peninsula, and Taiwan. Disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population. This brought about a lot of wealth which was used to make communities healthier. International Date Line: An arc that for the most part follows 180 degrees longitude, although it deviates in several places to avoid dividing land areas. Threshold- the minimum market 2. People in stage 3 countries are more likely to live in cities than in rural areas. Pull factor: when people desire to move into a new location Ex: Better job opening in a new area, a good place to retire. Improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional causes of death in poorer countries and … Distribution: The arrangement of something across Earth’s surface Density: The frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area. Self Sufficiency: The more popular development alternative for LDCs for most of the 20th century Incomes in the countryside keep up with those in the city Reducing poverty is more important than creating wealthy consumers Fragile businesses can be independent and protected from businesses and governments in MDCs Set barriers limiting goods being imported International Trade: A country can develop economically by concentrating scarce resources on expansion of its distinctive local industries Transnational Corporation: A company that conducts research, operates factories, and sells products in many countries, not just where its headquarters or shareholders are located Centripetal Force: An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state Centrifugal Force: An attitude that tends to break or make people fall apart- fight Agriculture: Agriculture=farming+livestock Before 12,000 BC- hunting and gathering- no agriculture Agricultural Hearths: Fertile Crescent- historical region watered by the Nile, Jordan, Euphrates, and Tigris Rivers. Separate But Equal Doctrine: The Separate But Equal Doctrine occurred in 1896. The Von Thunen Model: Agricultural land use 1826 The black dot represents a city 1 (white)- dairy and market gardening 2 (green)- forest for fuel 3 (yellow)- grains and field crops 4 (red)- ranching Dark green=wilderness where agriculture is not profitable Crop Rotation: The practice of rotating use of different fields from crop to crop each year, to avoid exhausting the soil Slash-and-burn Agriculture: Another name for shifting cultivation, so named because fields are cleared by slashing the vegetation and burning the debris Desertification: Degradation of land, especially in semiarid areas, primarily because of human actions like excessive crop planting, animal grazing, and tree cutting 1st Agricultural Revolution: 12,000 yrs ago, Neolithic era Fertile Crescent, China, North Africa, Southeast Asia, and Latin America Accompanied by a modest population explosion Domestication- animals (about 40 species today) occurred after people became more sedentary 2nd Agricultural Revolution: 1871-1914 Resulted from the Industrial Revolution- produced new technology that helped with the agricultural progress a lot Ex. The Chinese also farmed rice. As food became easier to obtain, population increased, but when food became more difficult to obtain, the population decreased. These are the vocabulary words from Rubenstein's AP Human Geography textbook. Intervening Obstacles Immigrants may not always get to there destination because of an environmental or cultural obstacle. Medical Revolution- Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa. There are 4 stages in the Demographic Transition. Medical Revolution – Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, Latin America, Asia, and Africa. Relocation – spreading through physical movement. Population Pyramid: A bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex. Population pyramids can be used to demonstrate the demographics of a certain area, and can be used as an indication of the development of a certain area The Demographic Transition: There are four stages to the demographic transition: Stage 1-: Low Growth Stage 2: High Growth Stage 3: Moderate Growth Stage 4: Low Growth All countries are in one stage or another of the demographic transition. Also, transportation is a problem with immigration. The percentage growth of a population in a year, computed as the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate. The industrial revolution brought about rapid improvements in industrial technology. Most of Ireland is Roman Catholic, but Northern Ireland is 58% Protestant and 42% Roman Catholic. A second surge of Vietnamese boat people began in the late 1980s. Improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional causes of death in poorer countries and enabled people to live longer and healthier lives. There wasn’t as much medicine to cure diseases. AP Human Geography Rubenstien's Ch. ... Medical Revolution: Definition. ... AP Human Geography Ethnicity, Race, and Political Geography . Ethiopia (horn of Africa)- Before embracing full scale farming Ethiopians were mainly hunters and gatherers. 9th Grade. Southeast Asia: The world’s third largest population cluster is in southeast Asia. The highest mountains in the world are steep, snowy, and sparsely settled. Pop & Folk Culture: Popular Culture: Culture found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics Folk Culture: Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups Origin of Folk Cultures: Folk customs often have anonymous hearths, originating from anonymous sources, at unknown dates, through unidentified originators Origin of Pop Cultures: Popular culture is most often a product of the economically more developed countries, especially in North America, Western Europe, and Japan Transition from Folk to Pop Culture: Most of the world turns from folk to pop culture. Not to make a profit or sell. Expansion – Spreading in a snowballing process Contagious– rapid widespread diffusion of a characteristic throughout the population – example - influenza Hierarchical- The spread from authority or power to other people – example – political leaders or hip hop music Stimulus– the spread of an underlying principal though the characteristic itself might diffuse – example – principals from Apple computer though the company diffused. Agricultural Revolution: Burst of population growth around 8000 B.C. AP Human Geography : Industrial Revolution Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography. Balkanization: States/countries breaking down through ethnic conflict – constant conflict Balkanized: A geographic area that can’t be stable/happy because there are too many ethnicities and too much ugly history between them. The Four Dragons: Some of the first countries to adopt the international trade alternatives were South Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, and the then-British colony of Hong Kong (known as the four dragons).
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